One of the things I am liking about Odyssey so far has been the near total lack of gross market speculation leading up to and following Odyssey's release. It's been nice for a change to see things pretty much stay the course. I can find no indication of any attempts to corner the market as in times past, and I like that - alot. Though a free market means anyone can pretty much to anything they like, abuse of that market is detrimental to all in the long run. It isn't always true that the rich get richer and all that, but it is true they have the power to bring the economy down around everyone's ears. Let's have a look at the current state of New Eden's economy, why I think the changes in Odyssey were really made and why they may save our economic butts.
The common wisdom has been for some time that the Organization of Technetium Exporting something-or-another (OTEC) has been making prices rise in the T2 market. I think at first, this was the case. Inflation was caused by limited supply because of this grand supply side maneuver. But it was a short lived inflation, just as I said it would be.
some people did? Have a look at the 1-year trend for Photon Microprocessors and Hulks.
Golden Mean. Inflation in the one to three percent range allows for profit and growth, and I don't mean in raw numbers produced in anything. I mean in increased business and diversification. New Eden's economy has had none.
Odyssey has attempted to correct this problem. What Odyssey did, if you don't already know, is this. Please read it if you like but the tl;dr is CCP replaced the requirement for Technetium in T2 production with four new metamaterials you can get from all over New Eden null-sec and low-sec. This effectively breaks OTEC and corrects the terrible economy it created.
"What?" you ask? Yeah, OTEC was a really, really bad idea and I now have 20/20 hindsight to support that position. With OTEC, production was restricted to just one organization. But with no way to effectively impose production restrictions on individual members, they simply produced themselves into oblivion. There was no mechanic to stop it other than self control and that doesn't strike me as a Goon strong point. This was a serious threat to the New Eden economy, possibly more dire than botters as they have the same effect but one is sanctioned play. And never forget this is a game. Having game items that are too cheap literally cheapens the game. It makes it no fun. To draw a parallel with another sad game, when everyone can be a Jedi Knight, or triple master trader/manufacturer in my case, what's the point?
Furthermore, there's a lot of ISK in the New Eden economy and ship prices, especially T2 prices, were just too low to absorb it all. When I was a new bro it took me a month to make 100 mISK and replace my first lost Hulk. Today new bros are making a billion ISK in their first month. I followed a link from a blog to a noob post about doing just that station trading. I should have saved that link but you'll just have to take my word for it. It has never been easier than it is now to make ISK in New Eden. And all that ISK could cause inflation under normal situations, but with unlimited resources it actually causes the opposite.
What would the price of oil be if everyone got all the oil they wanted? There would be a glut and that glut will cause prices to drop as suppliers try to keep their cash flow going. It wouldn't matter that the supplier was in a cartel. Hasn't that always been OPEC's problem? And if we got all the oil we wanted, and had enough money to buy most other things, we'd all be driving petroleum guzzling vehicles - the T2 items of real life if you want an analogy (or even if you don't.) And as long as oil prices kept dropping, the cost of the vehicles would drop right along with them and anything else made from petroleum. That is really bad for business. Businesses have fixed costs, mostly labor. They can only accept so low a price before they go into the red. It works the same way for Eve industrialists - minus the labor perhaps. But I know of some industrialists who pay people to haul for them, etc. so perhaps not. Anyway you look at it though, there is a minimum cost of business in New Eden and we were dropping closer and closer to that event horizon.
Now there is a safeguard against this threat. The rate at which these metamaterials can be reacted is fixed. They have a built in supply restrictor which takes will power (or lack thereof) out of the equation. I've read a few "why, oh why" types of comments both in blogs and on reddit and I think the answer is relatively simple. CCP realized if capsuleers were not going to restrict their production of raw materials, CCP would have to do it for them. That's why reactions are now regulated. To curb the inexhaustible supply problem. You could also lump the gravimetric anomaly change into this as well. The more miners get blown up, the lower the supply. And even the change to high-end ores can be explained by this reasoning. If you can get all the tritanium you need where you are (this is not an inexhaustible supply and has the same gravimetric control,) you don't need to hire haulers. That lowers a business' operating costs, providing they are mining in cheap ships. It's a bad business choice out there not to. So if the null-sec industrialist makes sound choices, it's easier for them to remain in the black under the new system. Taken altogether, these things put New Eden's economy on a much more sound footing; making it more real than it has ever been. Yes, I am liking it alot.
Currently production of the new metamaterials is just ramping up and the market prices are still high and unstable. The current price after four days is approximately 30k ISK for Photonic, Plasmonic and Terahertz and 60k ISK for Nonlinear. Nonlinear Metamaterials is the only one showing an increasing trend line, but with only four data points don't read too much into that. I'd go with buy orders as the litmus, which are running 20k to 30k ISK. You'll see approximately a 25k ISK price settle out for all metamaterials in the near term is my guess. That should be high enough to generally increase T2 costs, but price isn't the real point. Supply is the point and keeping it restricted is best for the economy in the long run. Capsuleers will still buy ships. They will still pony up the ISK. And industrialists will adjust their prices accordingly while remaining profitable: their pricing supported by a much truer supply and demand mechanism. And we will all prosper.